According to data from the Pan American Health Organization, about 3.6 billion X-ray exams are performed each year. on the planet .
In this same report, PAHO states that access to X-rays can solve up to 80% of diagnostic problems for various diseases ; however, about two thirds of the world’s population do not have possibilities for this type of procedure.
Why are X-rays the most common? What advantages do they have? Let us first see what is meant by radiographs or X-rays.
What are x-rays?
X-rays ─also known as radiographs ─ produce images of the body, through a form of radiation. The x-ray device emits x-ray particles and creates shadow images of bones, organs, and tissues.
To read the X-rays…
It is possible that you have had in your hands a radiographic image and you did not understand what that image is about . To understand a little more, consider the following:
- The bones will be white .
- In white you can also see metals and contrast media (inks used to highlight specific parts of the body).
- If there are structures that contain air, they will appear black.
- Muscles, fats, and fluids will be visible in shades of gray .
Advantages of X-rays
X-rays are a very common form of medical diagnosis; This is because they are quick to do, easily accessible, and cheaper than other studios . X-rays allow the evaluation of trauma, infections, cancers, bone pathologies and even if there are abnormalities in the soft tissues.
An important advantage of x-rays is that the radiation from the x- rays is a very low dose and the exam takes only a short time . In addition to this, it is a very comfortable procedure for the patient.
In addition, radiographs do not cause pain in patients and do not require further preparation to be performed; They do not have considerable contraindications or side effects. However, if you are a pregnant woman, or think you are pregnant, do not hesitate to inform your radiologist.